El libro de Lucas

Autor: El Evangelio de Lucas no identifica a su autor. Aunque de Lucas 1:1-4Lucas 1:1-4
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The Gospel According to Luke 1 1 Since many have undertaken to set in order a narrative concerning those matters which have been fulfilled among us, 2 even as those who from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of the word delivered them to us, 3 it seemed good to me also, having traced the course of all things accurately from the first, to write to you in order, most excellent Theophilus; 4 that you might know the certainty concerning the things in which you were instructed.

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y Hechos 1:1-3Hechos 1:1-3
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Acts 1 1 The first book I wrote, Theophilus, concerned all that Jesus began both to do and to teach, 2 until the day in which he was received up, after he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen. 3 To these he also showed himself alive after he suffered, by many proofs, appearing to them over a period of forty days, and speaking about God’s Kingdom.

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, claramente se deduce que el mismo autor escribió tanto Lucas como Hechos, dirigidos ambos al “excelentísimo Teófilo,” posiblemente un dignatario romano. La tradición de los primeros días de la iglesia es que Lucas, un médico y compañero cercano del Apóstol Pablo, fue quien escribió Lucas y Hechos (Colosenses 4:14; 2Colosenses 4:14; 2
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14 Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas greet you. 2 1 For I desire to have you know how greatly I struggle for you, and for those at Laodicea, and for as many as have not seen my face in the flesh; 2 that their hearts may be comforted, they being knit together in love, and gaining all riches of the full assurance of understanding, that they may know the mystery of God, both of the Father and of Christ, 3 in whom are all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge hidden. 4 Now this I say that no one may delude you with persuasiveness of speech. 5 For though I am absent in the flesh, yet am I with you in the spirit, rejoicing and seeing your order, and the steadfastness of your faith in Christ. 6 As therefore you received Christ Jesus, the Lord, walk in him, 7 rooted and built up in him, and established in the faith, even as you were taught, abounding in it in thanksgiving. 8 Be careful that you don’t let anyone rob you through his philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the elements of the world, and not after Christ. 9 For in him all the fullness of the Godhead dwells bodily, 10 and in him you are made full, who is the head of all principality and power; 11 in whom you were also circumcised with a circumcision not made with hands, in the putting off of the body of the sins of the flesh, in the circumcision of Christ; 12 having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead. 13 You were dead through your trespasses and the uncircumcision of your flesh. He made you alive together with him, having forgiven us all our trespasses, 14 wiping out the handwriting in ordinances which was against us; and he has taken it out of the way, nailing it to the cross; 15 having stripped the principalities and the powers, he made a show of them openly, triumphing over them in it. 16 Let no man therefore judge you in eating, or in drinking, or with respect to a feast day or a new moon or a Sabbath day, 17 which are a shadow of the things to come; but the body is Christ’s. 18 Let no one rob you of your prize by a voluntary humility and worshipping of the angels, dwelling in the things which he has not seen, vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind, 19 and not holding firmly to the Head, from whom all the body, being supplied and knit together through the joints and ligaments, grows with God’s growth. 20 If you died with Christ from the elements of the world, why, as though living in the world, do you subject yourselves to ordinances, 21 “Don’t handle, nor taste, nor touch” 22 , according to the precepts and doctrines of men? 23 Which things indeed appear like wisdom in self-imposed worship, and humility, and severity to the body; but aren’t of any value against the indulgence of the flesh.

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Timoteo 4:11). Esto haría de Lucas el único gentil que participó con libros de las Escrituras.

Fecha de su Escritura: El Evangelio de Lucas fue escrito probablemente entre el 58 y el 65 d.C.

Propósito de la Escritura: Al igual que los otros dos evangelios sinópticos –Mateo y Marcos- el propósito de este libro es revelar al Señor Jesucristo y todo “acerca de todas las cosas que Jesús comenzó a hacer y a enseñar, hasta el día en que fue recibido arriba,” (Hechos 1:1-2Hechos 1:1-2
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Acts 1 1 The first book I wrote, Theophilus, concerned all that Jesus began both to do and to teach, 2 until the day in which he was received up, after he had given commandment through the Holy Spirit to the apostles whom he had chosen.

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). El Evangelio de Lucas es único en cuanto a la meticulosidad de su historia –una “narración ordenada” (Lucas 1:3Lucas 1:3
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3 it seemed good to me also, having traced the course of all things accurately from the first, to write to you in order, most excellent Theophilus;

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) consecuente con la mentalidad médica de Lucas –quien con frecuencia da detalles que otros narradores omiten. La historia de Lucas sobre la vida del Gran Médico, enfatiza Su ministerio –y compasión por- gentiles, samaritanos, mujeres, niños, cobradores de impuestos, pecadores, y otros considerados como marginados en Israel.

Versos Clave: Lucas 2:4-7Lucas 2:4-7
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4 Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judea, to the city of David, which is called Bethlehem, because he was of the house and family of David; 5 to enroll himself with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him as wife, being pregnant. 6 It happened, while they were there, that the day had come that she should give birth. 7 She brought forth her firstborn son, and she wrapped him in bands of cloth, and laid him in a feeding trough, because there was no room for them in the inn.

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, “Y José subió de Galilea, de la ciudad de Nazaret, a Judea, a la ciudad de David, que se llama Belén, por cuanto era de la casa y familia de David; para ser empadronado con María su mujer, desposada con él, la cual estaba encinta. Y aconteció que estando ellos allí, se cumplieron los días de su alumbramiento. Y dio a luz a su hijo primogénito, y lo envolvió en pañales, y lo acostó en un pesebre, porque no había lugar para ellos en el mesón.”

Lucas 3:16Lucas 3:16
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16 John answered them all, “I indeed baptize you with water, but he comes who is mightier than I, the latchet of whose sandals I am not worthy to loosen. He will baptize you in the Holy Spirit and fire,

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, “Respondió Juan, diciendo a todos: Yo a la verdad os bautizo en agua; pero viene uno más poderoso que yo, de quien no soy digno de desatar la correa de su calzado; él os bautizará en Espíritu Santo y fuego.”

Lucas 4:18-19, 21Lucas 4:18-19, 21
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18 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, Because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim release to the captives, Recovering of sight to the blind, To deliver those who are crushed, 19 And to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.” 21 He began to tell them, “Today, this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”

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, “‘El Espíritu del Señor está sobre mí, Por cuanto me ha ungido para dar buenas nuevas a los pobres; Me ha enviado a sanar a los quebrantados de corazón; A pregonar libertad a los cautivos, Y vista a los ciegos; A poner en libertad a los oprimidos; A predicar el año agradable del Señor.’ Hoy se ha cumplido esta Escritura delante de vosotros.”

Lucas 18:31-32Lucas 18:31-32
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31 He took the twelve aside, and said to them, “Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem, and all the things that are written through the prophets concerning the Son of Man will be completed. 32 For he will be delivered up to the Gentiles, will be mocked, treated shamefully, and spit on.

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, “Tomando Jesús a los doce, les dijo: He aquí subimos a Jerusalén, y se cumplirán todas las cosas escritas por los profetas acerca del Hijo del Hombre. Pues será entregado a los gentiles, y será escarnecido, y afrentado, y escupido.”

Lucas 23:33-34Lucas 23:33-34
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33 When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified him there with the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left. 34 Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they don’t know what they are doing.” Dividing his garments among them, they cast lots.

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, “Y cuando llegaron al lugar llamado de la Calavera, le crucificaron allí, y a los malhechores, uno a la derecha y otro a la izquierda. Y Jesús decía: Padre, perdónalos, porque no saben lo que hacen. Y repartieron entre sí sus vestidos, echando suertes.

Lucas 24:1-3Lucas 24:1-3
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24 1 But on the first day of the week, at early dawn, they and some others came to the tomb, bringing the spices which they had prepared. 2 They found the stone rolled away from the tomb. 3 They entered in, and didn’t find the Lord Jesus’ body.

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, “El primer día de la semana, muy de mañana, vinieron al sepulcro, trayendo las especias aromáticas que habían preparado, y algunas otras mujeres con ellas. Y hallaron removida la piedra del sepulcro; y entrando, no hallaron el cuerpo del Señor Jesús.”

Breve Resumen: Llamado el más bello libro jamás escrito, Lucas comienza por decirnos acerca de los padres de Jesús; el nacimiento de Su primo, Juan el Bautista; el viaje de María y José a Belén, donde Jesús nace en un pesebre; y la genealogía de Cristo a través de María. El ministerio público de Jesús, revela Su perfecta compasión y perdón a través de las historias del hijo pródigo, el hombre rico y Lázaro, y el buen samaritano. Mientras que muchos creen en este amor sin prejuicios que sobrepasa todos los límites humanos, muchos otros –especialmente los líderes religiosos- desafían y se oponen a las pretensiones de Jesús. Los seguidores de Cristo son animados a evaluar el costo del discipulado, mientras Sus enemigos buscan Su muerte en la cruz. Finalmente, Jesús es traicionado, juzgado, sentenciado y crucificado. ¡Pero la tumba no puede detenerlo! Su Resurrección asegura la continuación de Su ministerio de buscar y salvar a los perdidos.

Conexiones: Como gentil, las referencias de Lucas al Antiguo Testamento son relativamente pocas, comparadas con el Evangelio de Mateo, y la mayoría de las referencias del Antiguo Testamento están en las palabras dichas por Jesús, más que en la narración de Lucas. Jesús utiliza el Antiguo Testamento para defenderse contra los ataques de Satanás, respondiéndole con “Escrito está” (Lucas 4:1-3Lucas 4:1-3
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4 1 Jesus, full of the Holy Spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness 2 for forty days, being tempted by the devil. He ate nothing in those days. Afterward, when they were completed, he was hungry. 3 The devil said to him, “If you are the Son of God, command this stone to become bread.”

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); para identificarse a Sí mismo como el Mesías prometido (Lucas 4:17-21Lucas 4:17-21
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17 The book of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. He opened the book, and found the place where it was written, 18 “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, Because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim release to the captives, Recovering of sight to the blind, To deliver those who are crushed, 19 And to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord.” 20 He closed the book, gave it back to the attendant, and sat down. The eyes of all in the synagogue were fastened on him. 21 He began to tell them, “Today, this Scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.”

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); para recordar a los fariseos su imposibilidad de guardar la Ley y su necesidad de un Salvador (Lucas 10:25-28, 18:18-27); y para confundir su conocimiento cuando trataban de engañarlo y probarlo (Lucas 20).

Aplicación Práctica: Lucas nos muestra un hermoso retrato de nuestro compasivo Salvador. Jesús no se sentía “incomodado” por los pobres y los necesitados; de hecho, ellos eran un importante objetivo en Su ministerio. En los tiempos de Jesús, Israel era una sociedad muy consciente de sus clase sociales. Los débiles y los oprimidos eran literalmente incapaces de mejorar su suerte en la vida, y estaban especialmente abiertos al mensaje de “el reino de Dios se ha acercado” (Lucas 10:9Lucas 10:9
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9 Heal the sick who are therein, and tell them, ‘The Kingdom of God has come near to you.’

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). Este es un mensaje que debemos llevar a todos aquellos a nuestro alrededor que necesitan desesperadamente escucharlo. Aún en países comparativamente prósperos –tal vez especialmente por ello- la necesidad espiritual es tremenda. Los cristianos deben seguir el ejemplo de Jesús y llevar las buenas nuevas de salvación a los espiritualmente pobres y necesitados. El reino de Dios se ha acercado y el tiempo se acorta cada día.

Escrito por GotQuestions.org  –  Traducido por ObreroFiel.com  -  Usado con permiso.

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